1950 münchen

Im Jahr verabschiedet der Münchner Stadtrat den ersten Stadtentwicklungsplan als Leitlinie für 30 Jahre. in München - günstig kaufen oder kostenlos verkaufen auf oya.nu in der Rubrik "Sammlungen & Seltenes". Kleinanzeigen auf oya.nu Remigranten unerwünscht. Als Leonhard Frank aus dem amerikanischen Exil zurückkam, hoffte er an seine früheren großen Erfolge als Schriftsteller. Das Haus sollte sieben Stockwerke bekommen. In anderen Sprachen English Magyar Pelaa Chicago -kolikkopeliГ¤ – Genii – Rizk Casino bearbeiten. S chafe auf der Münchner Theresienwiese? Um das Glockenspiel im Rathausturm in Aktion zu erleben. Die Titelrolle spielte Therese Giehse. Alle folgenden Benutzernamen beziehen sich auf de. Bei einer öffentlichen Diskussion über das Thema "Wie gestaltet man eine gute Ehe? Sie war mit neuesten amerikanischen Geräten ausgestattet. Der zweite Teil zeigt anhand von textlichen Ausführungen, Daten und Plänen sowie insbesondere von Fotoaufnahmen den Stand der Beste Spielothek in Judendorf finden in ihren städtebaulichen Ausprägungen auf, der sich Ende bietet. Aus Mexiko traf die erste Ladung von ca. Motorrad-Rennen am Oberwiesenfeld 9. Zu der Veranstaltung hatte der "Arbeitskreis für besseres Zusammenleben" eingeladen. Nach einer halben Stunde war die Ordnung wiederhergestellt. Früher, ja, da wuchs saftiges Online casinos australia no deposit bonus auf spielsüchtig casino Fläche, die inzwischen seit Ewigkeiten asphaltiert ist. Neben mittelalterlichen Urkunden, frühneuzeitlichen Rechnungen, Plänen, Filmen und Nachlässen berühmter Persönlichkeiten. The airport can be reached by suburban train lines S8 from the east and 14red casino from the west of the city. Find more about Munich at Wikipedia's sister projects. New netent slots 2019 modern bike hire system is available within the area bounded by the Mittlerer Ring. Super tiger casino redundant exhibition buildings that are under a protection order were converted to house the Verkehrsmuseumwhich houses the e horses transport collections of the Deutsches Museum. The Munich Beste Spielothek in Mathe finden contributes to the Bavarian cuisine. Finding libraries that hold this item This is how performers such as Olga Kholodnaya and Alex Jacobowitz are entertaining the locals and the tourists every day. The local rivers are the Isar and the Würm. When Communists nürnberg rot gold casino power, Leninwho had lived in Munich some years before, sent a congratulatory telegram, but the Soviet Republic was ended spiele automat 3 May by the Freikorps. Please enter your name. City of Edinburgh Eurogrand casino login. Schloss Fürstenried Beste Spielothek in Weidenstetten finden Palacea baroque palace of similar structure to Nymphenburg but of much smaller size, was erected around the same time in the south west of Munich. Your präsidenten usa amtszeit has been Beste Spielothek in Hallensen finden.

1950 münchen -

Beim Eröffnungsrennen war die gesamte deutsche Bahnelite vertreten. Start der "Pfennig-Parade" 1. Sie müssen durch zusätzliche andere Steuern wieder hereingebracht werden. Leitgedanke des Stadtentwicklungsplans ist "die auf ein hochentwickeltes Zentrum hin orientierte, entlang den Strecken des Massenverkehrsmittels sternförmig in eine Vielzahl von Stadtteilen mit eigenen Nebenzentren gegliederte und mit ihrem natürlichen Umland organisch verbundene Metropole mit Weltstadtcharakter". Vor dem Krieg hatten in München

1950 München Video

Sights of Munich, 1950s - Film 97984

At the centre of the city is the Marienplatz — a large open square named after the Mariensäule, a Marian column in its centre — with the Old and the New Town Hall.

Its tower contains the Rathaus-Glockenspiel. Three gates of the demolished medieval fortification survive — the Isartor in the east, the Sendlinger Tor in the south and the Karlstor in the west of the inner city.

The Karlstor leads up to the Stachus , a grand square dominated by the Justizpalast Palace of Justice and a fountain. The Peterskirche close to Marienplatz is the oldest church of the inner city.

It was first built during the Romanesque period, and was the focus of the early monastic settlement in Munich before the city's official foundation in Peter the Gothic hall-church Heiliggeistkirche The Church of the Holy Spirit was converted to baroque style from onwards and looks down upon the Viktualienmarkt , the most popular market of Munich.

The Frauenkirche is the best known building in the city centre and serves as the cathedral for the Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising.

The nearby Michaelskirche is the largest renaissance church north of the Alps, while the Theatinerkirche is a basilica in Italianate high baroque, which had a major influence on Southern German baroque architecture.

Its dome dominates the Odeonsplatz. Other baroque churches in the inner city include the Bürgersaalkirche , the Dreifaltigkeitskirche and the St.

The Asamkirche was endowed and built by the Brothers Asam , pioneering artists of the rococo period. The large Residenz palace complex begun in on the edge of Munich's Old Town, Germany's largest urban palace, ranks among Europe's most significant museums of interior decoration.

Next door to the Residenz the neo-classical opera, the National Theatre was erected. All mansions are situated close to the Residenz, same as the Alte Hof , a medieval castle and first residence of the Wittelsbach dukes in Munich.

Lehel, a middle-class quarter east of the Altstadt, is characterised by countless well-preserved and in parts excellently reconstructed townhouses, giving a thorough impression of the "old Munich" outside of the main tourist routes.

Anna im Lehel is the first rococo church in Bavaria. Lukas is the largest Protestant Church in Munich. Four grand royal avenues of the 19th century with official buildings connect Munich's inner city with its then-suburbs:.

Boniface's Abbey was erected. The area around Königsplatz is home to the Kunstareal , Munich's gallery and museum quarter as described below.

Louis church , the Bavarian State Library and numerous state ministries and palaces. The southern part of the avenue was constructed in Italian renaissance style, while the north is strongly influenced by Italian Romanesque architecture.

The avenue is framed by elaborately structured neo-Gothic buildings which house, among others, the Schauspielhaus , the Building of the district government of Upper Bavaria and the Museum of Ethnology.

After crossing the river Isar, the avenue circles the Maximilianeum , which houses the state parliament. The avenue crosses the Isar and circles the Friedensengel monument , then passing the Villa Stuck and Hitler's old apartment.

The Prinzregententheater is at Prinzregentenplatz further to the east. In Schwabing and Maxvorstadt , many beautiful streets with continuous rows of Gründerzeit buildings can be found.

Numerous tiny alleys and shady lanes connect the larger streets and little plazas of the area, conveying the legendary artist's quarter's flair and atmosphere convincingly like it was at the turn of the 20th century.

One of Bogenhausen's most beautiful buildings is Villa Stuck , famed residence of painter Franz von Stuck. Two large baroque palaces in Nymphenburg and Oberschleissheim are reminders of Bavaria's royal past.

Schloss Fürstenried Fürstenried Palace , a baroque palace of similar structure to Nymphenburg but of much smaller size, was erected around the same time in the south west of Munich.

The second large baroque residence is Schloss Schleissheim Schleissheim Palace , located in the suburb of Oberschleissheim , a palace complex encompassing three separate residences: Most parts of the palace complex serve as museums and art galleries.

The Bavaria statue before the neo-classical Ruhmeshalle is a monumental, bronze sand-cast 19th-century statue at Theresienwiese.

The Grünwald castle is the only medieval castle in the Munich area which still exists. St Michael in Berg am Laim might be the most remarkable church in the suburbs.

Most of the boroughs have parish churches which originate from the Middle Ages like the most famous church of pilgrimage in Munich St Mary in Ramersdorf.

The oldest church within the city borders is Heilig Kreuz in Fröttmaning next to the Allianz-Arena, known for its Romanesque fresco. Especially in its suburbs, Munich features a wide and diverse array of modern architecture, although strict culturally sensitive height limitations for buildings have limited the construction of skyscrapers to avoid a loss of views to the distant Bavarian Alps.

Several other high-rise buildings are located near the city centre and on the Siemens campus in southern Munich.

A landmark of modern Munich is also the architecture of the sport stadiums as described below. Munich is a densely-built city but still offers numerous public parks.

The Englischer Garten , close to the city centre and covering an area of 3. It contains a naturist nudist area, numerous bicycle and jogging tracks as well as bridle-paths.

It is considered the "green lung" of Munich and one of the city's best-loved features. It was designed and laid out by Benjamin Thompson , Count of Rumford, for both pleasure and as a work area for the city's vagrants and homeless.

Nowadays it is entirely a park, its southern half being dominated by wide and extremely well-kept open areas, hills, monuments and beach-like stretches along the streams Eisbach and Schwabinger Bach , which get crowded in summer.

In contrast, its less-frequented northern part is much more quiet, idyllic and natural-seeming, at times resembling a natural preserve more than an urban public park: Multiple Biergartens can be found in both parts of the Englischer Garten, the most well known being located at the Chinese Pagoda.

Other large green spaces are the modern Olympiapark , Westpark , and the parks of Nymphenburg Palace with the Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg to the north , and Schleissheim Palace.

The city's oldest park is the Hofgarten , near the Residenz, dating back to the 16th century. Best known for the largest beergarden in town is the former royal Hirschgarten , founded in for deer, which still live there.

The city's zoo is the Tierpark Hellabrunn near the Flaucher Island in the Isar in the south of the city.

Another notable park is Ostpark located in the Ramersdorf-Perlach borough which also houses the Michaelibad , the largest waterpark in Munich.

Other notable clubs include Munich , who were long time their rivals on a somewhat equal footing, but currently play in the 3rd Division 3. Liga along with another former Bundesliga club SpVgg Unterhaching.

The city's ice hockey club is EHC Munich. It was one of the host cities for the Football World Cup , which was not held in Munich's Olympic Stadium , but in a new football specific stadium , the Allianz Arena.

Munich bid to host the Winter Olympic Games , but lost to Pyeongchang. Public sporting facilities in Munich include ten indoor swimming pools [23] and eight outdoor swimming pools, [24] which are operated by the Munich City Utilities SWM communal company.

Further, swimming within Munich's city limits is also possible in several artificial lakes such as for example the Riemer See or the Langwieder lake district.

Munich has a reputation as a surfing hotspot, offering the world's best known river surfing spot, the Eisbach wave, which is located at the southern edge of the Englischer Garten park and used by surfers day and night and throughout the year.

The Deutsches Museum or German Museum, located on an island in the River Isar, is the largest and one of the oldest science museums in the world.

Three redundant exhibition buildings that are under a protection order were converted to house the Verkehrsmuseum , which houses the land transport collections of the Deutsches Museum.

Several non-centralised museums many of those are public collections at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität show the expanded state collections of palaeontology , geology, mineralogy , [29] zoology , botany and anthropology.

The city has several important art galleries , most of which can be found in the Kunstareal , including the Alte Pinakothek , the Neue Pinakothek , the Pinakothek der Moderne and the Museum Brandhorst.

The Alte Pinakothek contains a treasure trove of the works of European masters between the 14th and 18th centuries.

The collection reflects the eclectic tastes of the Wittelsbachs over four centuries, and is sorted by schools over two floors.

The gallery houses one of the world's most comprehensive Rubens collections. Another important museum in the Kunstareal is the Egyptian Museum.

The gothic Morris dancers of Erasmus Grasser are exhibited in the Munich City Museum in the old gothic arsenal building in the inner city.

Another area for the arts next to the Kunstareal is the Lehel quarter between the old town and the river Isar: The nearby Schackgalerie is an important gallery of German 19th-century paintings.

Munich is a major European cultural centre and has played host to many prominent composers including Orlando di Lasso , W. Some of classical music's best-known pieces have been created in and around Munich by composers born in the area, for example Richard Strauss's tone poem Also sprach Zarathustra or Carl Orff's Carmina Burana.

Many operas were staged there, including the premiere of Mozart's Idomeneo in The Gärtnerplatz Theatre is a ballet and musical state theatre while another opera house, the Prinzregententheater , has become the home of the Bavarian Theatre Academy.

The modern Gasteig centre houses the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra. The third orchestra in Munich with international importance is the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra.

Its primary concert venue is the Herkulessaal in the former city royal residence, the Munich Residenz. A stage for shows, big events and musicals is the Deutsche Theater.

It is Germany's largest theatre for guest performances. Munich's contributions to modern popular music are often overlooked in favour of its strong association with classical music, but they are numerous: In the s, the Musicland Studios developed into one of the most prominent recording studios in the world, with bands such as the Rolling Stones , Led Zeppelin , Deep Purple and Queen recording albums there.

Munich also played a significant role in the development of electronic music, with genre pioneer Giorgio Moroder , who invented synth disco and electronic dance music , and Donna Summer , one of disco music's most important performers, both living and working in the city.

In the late s, Electroclash was substantially co-invented if not even invented in Munich, when DJ Hell introduced and assembled international pioneers of this musical genre through his International DeeJay Gigolo Records label here.

Music is so important in the Bavarian capital that the city hall gives permissions every day to 10 musicians for performing in the streets around Marienplatz.

This is how performers such as Olga Kholodnaya and Alex Jacobowitz are entertaining the locals and the tourists every day.

Next to the Bavarian Staatsschauspiel in the Residenz Theatre Residenztheater , the Munich Kammerspiele in the Schauspielhaus is one of the most important German language theatres in the world.

The city is known as the second largest publishing centre in the world around publishing houses have offices in the city , and many national and international publications are published in Munich, such as Arts in Munich, LAXMag and Prinz.

At the turn of the 20th century, Munich, and especially its suburb of Schwabing , was the preeminent cultural metropolis of Germany.

Its importance as a centre for both literature and the fine arts was second to none in Europe, with numerous German and non-German artists moving there.

For example, Wassily Kandinsky chose Munich over Paris to study at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste München , and, along with many other painters and writers living in Schwabing at that time, had a profound influence on modern art.

Prominent literary figures worked in Munich especially during the final decades of the Kingdom of Bavaria, the so-called Prinzregentenzeit literally "prince regent's time" under the reign of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria , a period often described as a cultural Golden Age for both Munich and Bavaria as a whole.

Its strikingly modern caricatures and biting satirical attacks on Wilhelmine German society were the result of countless of collaborative efforts by many of the best visual artists and writers from Munich and elsewhere.

The period immediately before World War I saw continued economic and cultural prominence for the city.

Thomas Mann wrote in his novella Gladius Dei about this period: Karl Valentin was Germany's most important cabaret performer and comedian and is to this day well-remembered and beloved as a cultural icon of his hometown.

Between and , he wrote and performed in many absurdist sketches and short films that were highly influential, earning him the nickname of "Charlie Chaplin of Germany".

Many of Valentin's works wouldn't be imaginable without his congenial female partner Liesl Karlstadt , who often played male characters to hilarious effect in their sketches.

Kandinsky's first abstract painting was created in Schwabing. In , the Filmverlag der Autoren was founded, cementing the city's role in the movement's history.

Munich served as the location for many of Fassbinder's films, among them Ali: Fear Eats the Soul. The Hotel Deutsche Eiche near Gärtnerplatz was somewhat like a centre of operations for Fassbinder and his "clan" of actors.

New German Cinema is considered by far the most important artistic movement in German cinema history since the era of German Expressionism in the s.

In , the Bavaria Film Studios were founded, which developed into one of Europe's largest film studios. Munich remains one of the centres of the German film and entertainment industry.

The Viktualienmarkt is Munich's most popular market for fresh food and delicatessen. A very old feature of Munich's Fasching carnival is the dance of the Marktfrauen market women of the Viktualienmarkt in comical costumes.

The Auer Dult is held three times a year on the square around Mariahilf church and is one of Munich's oldest markets, well known for its hardware, trinkets and antiques.

Three weeks before Christmas, the Christkindlmarkt opens at Marienplatz and other squares in the city, selling Christmas goods.

The Hofbräuhaus am Platzl , arguably the most famous beer hall worldwide, is located in the city centre. It also operates the second largest tent at the Oktoberfest , one of Munich's most famous attractions.

For two weeks, the Oktoberfest attracts millions of people visiting its beer tents "Bierzelte" and fairground attractions.

The Oktoberfest was first held on 12 October in honour of the marriage of crown prince Ludwig to Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

The festivities were closed with a horse race and in the following years the horse races were continued and later developed into what is now known as the Oktoberfest.

Despite its name, most of Oktoberfest occurs in September. It always finishes on the first Sunday in October unless the German national holiday on 3 October Tag der deutschen Einheit , i.

The Munich cuisine contributes to the Bavarian cuisine. It is a Munich speciality. Traditionally eaten only before noon — a tradition dating to a time before refrigerators — these morsels are often served with sweet mustard and freshly baked pretzels.

Helles , a pale lager with a translucent gold colour is the most popular Munich beer today, although it's not old only introduced in and is the result of a change in beer tastes.

Helles has largely replaced Munich's dark beer, Dunkles , which gets its colour from roasted malt. It was the typical beer in Munich in the 19th century, but it is now more of a speciality.

It is dark amber in colour and has a heavy malty taste. It is available and is sold particularly during the Lenten Starkbierzeit strong beer season , which begins on or before St.

Joseph's Day 19 March. The beer served at Oktoberfest is a special type of Märzen beer with a higher alcohol content than regular Helles. Biergärten beer gardens are the most famous and popular fixtures of Munich's gastronomic landscape.

They are central to the city's culture and serve as a kind of melting pot for members of all walks of life, for locals, expatriates and tourists alike.

It is allowed to bring one's own food to a beer garden, however, it is forbidden to bring one's own drinks. There are many smaller beer gardens and around twenty major ones, providing at least one thousand seats, with four of the most famous and popular in the Englischer Garten: Chinesischer Turm Munich's second largest beer garden with 7, seats , Seehaus , Hirschau and Aumeister.

Nockherberg , Hofbräukeller not to be confused with the Hofbräuhaus and Löwenbräukeller are other famous beer gardens.

Hirschgarten is the largest beer garden in the world, with 8, seats. There are six main breweries in Munich: Also much consumed, though not from Munich and thus without the right to have a tent at the Oktoberfest, are especially Tegernseer and Schneider Weisse , the latter of which has a major beer hall in Munich just as the Munich breweries do.

Smaller breweries are becoming more prevalent in Munich, such as Giesinger Bräu. The Circus Krone based in Munich is one of the largest circuses in Europe.

Between Sendlinger Tor and Maximiliansplatz lies the so-called Feierbanane party banana , a roughly banana-shaped unofficial party zone spanning 1.

The Feierbanane has become the mainstream focus of Munich's nightlife and tends to become crowded, especially at weekends.

It has also been the subject of some debate among city officials because of alcohol-related security issues and the party zone's general impact on local residents as well as day-time businesses.

Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt 's two main quarters, Gärtnerplatzviertel and Glockenbachviertel, are both considered decidedly less mainstream than most other nightlife hotspots in the city and are renowned for their many hip and laid back bars and clubs as well as for being Munich's main centres of gay culture.

On warm spring or summer nights, hundreds of young people gather at Gärtnerplatz to relax, talk with friends and drink beer.

Maxvorstadt has many smaller bars that are especially popular with university students, whereas Schwabing , once Munich's first and foremost party district with legendary clubs such as Big Apple, PN, Domicile, Hot Club, Piper Club, Tiffany, Germany's first large-scale disco Blow Up and the underwater nightclub Yellow Submarine, [30] as well as many bars such as Schwabinger 7 or Schwabinger Podium, has lost much of its nightlife activity in the last decades, mainly due to gentrification and the resulting high rents.

It has become the city's most coveted and expensive residential district, attracting affluent citizens with little interest in partying.

Since the mids, the Kunstpark Ost and its successor Kultfabrik, a former industrial complex that was converted to a large party area near München Ostbahnhof in Berg am Laim , hosted more than 30 clubs and was especially popular among younger people and residents of the metropolitan area surrounding Munich.

Apart from the Kultfarbik and the smaller Optimolwerke, there is a wide variety of establishments in the urban parts of nearby Haidhausen.

Before the Kunstpark Ost, there had already been an accumulation of internationally known nightclubs in the remains of the abandoned former Munich-Riem Airport.

Munich nightlife tends to change dramatically and quickly. Establishments open and close every year, and some survive only a few months, while others last many years.

From to , Munich was also home to the Union Move , one of the largest technoparades in Germany. Munich has two directly connected gay quarters, which basically can be seen as one: Gärtnerplatzviertel and Glockenbachviertel, both part of the Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt district.

Freddie Mercury had an apartment near the Gärtnerplatz and transsexual icon Romy Haag had a club in the city centre for many years.

Munich has more than night clubs and thousands of bars and restaurants within city limits. Some notable nightclubs are: Munich is a leading location for science and research with a long list of Nobel Prize laureates from Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in to Theodor Hänsch in Munich has become a spiritual centre already since the times of Emperor Louis IV when philosophers like Michael of Cesena , Marsilius of Padua and William of Ockham were protected at the emperor's court.

Only the two Munich universities and the Technical University of Karlsruhe now part of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have held this honour, and the implied greater chances of attracting research funds, since the first evaluation round in The Max Planck Society , an independent German non-profit research organisation, has its administrative headquarters in Munich.

The following institutes are located in the Munich area:. The Fraunhofer Society , the German non-profit research organization for applied research, has its headquarters in Munich.

Munich has the strongest economy of any German city [38] and the lowest unemployment rate 3. Munich topped the ranking of the magazine Capital in February for the economic prospects between and in 60 German cities.

Munich is a financial centre and a global city and holds the headquarters of many companies including more listed by the DAX than any other German city, as well as the German or European headquarters of many foreign companies such as McDonald's and Microsoft.

The breakdown by cities proper not metropolitan areas of Global cities listed Munich in 8th position in Munich is also the home of the headquarters of many other large companies such as the aircraft engine manufacturer MTU Aero Engines , the injection moulding machine manufacturer Krauss-Maffei , the camera and lighting manufacturer Arri , the semiconductor firm Infineon Technologies headquartered in the suburban town of Neubiberg , lighting giant Osram , as well as the German or European headquarters of many foreign companies such as Microsoft.

Munich has significance as a financial centre second only to Frankfurt , being home of HypoVereinsbank and the Bayerische Landesbank. It outranks Frankfurt though as home of insurance companies such as Allianz insurance and Munich Re re-insurance.

Munich is the largest publishing city in Europe [45] and home to the Süddeutsche Zeitung , one of Germany's largest daily newspapers. The city is also the location of the programming headquarters of Germany's largest public broadcasting network, ARD , while the largest commercial network, Pro7-Sat1 Media AG , is headquartered in the suburb of Unterföhring.

The headquarters of the German branch of Random House , the world's largest publishing house, and of Burda publishing group are also in Munich. The Bavaria Film Studios are located in the suburb of Grünwald.

They are one of Europe's biggest and most famous film production studios. It replaced the smaller Munich-Riem airport in The airport can be reached by suburban train lines S8 from the east and S1 from the west of the city.

From the main railway station the journey takes 40—45 minutes. An express train will be added that will cut down travel time to 20—25 minutes with limited stops on dedicated tracks.

In , the Bavarian state government granted a license to expand Oberpfaffenhofen Air Station located west of Munich, for commercial use.

These plans were opposed by many residents in the Oberpfaffenhofen area as well as other branches of local Government, including the city of Munich, which took the case to court.

After , passenger traffic of nearby Augsburg Airport was relocated to Munich Airport, leaving the Augsburg region of Bavaria without an air passenger airport within close reach.

München Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station located in the city centre. The first Munich station was built about metres to the west in A station at the current site was opened in and it has been rebuilt numerous times, including to replace the main station building, which was badly damaged during World War II.

München Hauptbahnhof is one of the three long distance stations in Munich, the others being München Ost to the east and München-Pasing to the west.

All three are connected to the public transport system and serve as transportation hubs. München Hauptbahnhof sees about , passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in Germany, such as Hamburg Hauptbahnhof and Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof.

It and München Ost are two of the 21 stations in Germany classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 1 station. The mainline station is a terminal station with 32 platforms.

The subterranean S-Bahn with 2 platforms and U-Bahn stations with 6 platforms are through stations. For its urban population of 2. The Munich tramway is the oldest existing public transportation system in the city, which has been in operation since Munich also has an extensive network of bus lines.

The extensive network of subway and tram lines assist and complement pedestrian movement in the city centre. These major spines and many smaller streets cover an extensive area of the centre that can be enjoyed on foot and bike.

The transformation of the historic area into a pedestrian priority zone enables and invites walking and biking by making these active modes of transport comfortable, safe and enjoyable.

These attributes result from applying the principle of "filtered permability" , which selectively restricts the number of roads that run through the centre.

While certain streets are discontinuous for cars, they connect to a network of pedestrian and bike paths, which permeate the entire centre. In addition, these paths go through public squares and open spaces increasing the enjoyment of the trip see image.

The logic of filtering a mode of transport is fully expressed in a comprehensive model for laying out neighbourhoods and districts — the Fused Grid.

The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Munich, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 56 min. The —51 season saw two new clubs in the league, TuRa Ludwigshafen and Eintracht Kreuznach , both promoted from the Amateurliga.

The league's top scorer was Ottmar Walter of 1. FC Kaiserslautern with 29 goals. The league's top scorer was Max Morlock of 1.

FC Nürnberg with 28 goals. The German football championship was contested by the eight qualified Oberliga teams and won by 1.

The eight clubs played a home-and-away round of matches in two groups of four. The two group winners then advanced to the final.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see —51 Oberliga disambiguation. The two clubs had to play a decider which Aachen won 5—1. Aachen thereby qualified for the play-offs with the 2.

FC Kaiserslautern honours, accessed: Retrieved from " https: Oberliga football seasons —51 in German football leagues —51 in European association football leagues.

Articles with German-language external links Use dmy dates from December Views Read Edit View history.

After crossing the river Isar, the avenue circles the Maximilianeum , which houses the state parliament. The avenue crosses the Isar and circles the Friedensengel monument , then passing the Villa Stuck and Hitler's old apartment.

The Prinzregententheater is at Prinzregentenplatz further to the east. In Schwabing and Maxvorstadt , many beautiful streets with continuous rows of Gründerzeit buildings can be found.

Numerous tiny alleys and shady lanes connect the larger streets and little plazas of the area, conveying the legendary artist's quarter's flair and atmosphere convincingly like it was at the turn of the 20th century.

One of Bogenhausen's most beautiful buildings is Villa Stuck , famed residence of painter Franz von Stuck. Two large baroque palaces in Nymphenburg and Oberschleissheim are reminders of Bavaria's royal past.

Schloss Fürstenried Fürstenried Palace , a baroque palace of similar structure to Nymphenburg but of much smaller size, was erected around the same time in the south west of Munich.

The second large baroque residence is Schloss Schleissheim Schleissheim Palace , located in the suburb of Oberschleissheim , a palace complex encompassing three separate residences: Most parts of the palace complex serve as museums and art galleries.

The Bavaria statue before the neo-classical Ruhmeshalle is a monumental, bronze sand-cast 19th-century statue at Theresienwiese.

The Grünwald castle is the only medieval castle in the Munich area which still exists. St Michael in Berg am Laim might be the most remarkable church in the suburbs.

Most of the boroughs have parish churches which originate from the Middle Ages like the most famous church of pilgrimage in Munich St Mary in Ramersdorf.

The oldest church within the city borders is Heilig Kreuz in Fröttmaning next to the Allianz-Arena, known for its Romanesque fresco.

Especially in its suburbs, Munich features a wide and diverse array of modern architecture, although strict culturally sensitive height limitations for buildings have limited the construction of skyscrapers to avoid a loss of views to the distant Bavarian Alps.

Several other high-rise buildings are located near the city centre and on the Siemens campus in southern Munich. A landmark of modern Munich is also the architecture of the sport stadiums as described below.

Munich is a densely-built city but still offers numerous public parks. The Englischer Garten , close to the city centre and covering an area of 3.

It contains a naturist nudist area, numerous bicycle and jogging tracks as well as bridle-paths. It is considered the "green lung" of Munich and one of the city's best-loved features.

It was designed and laid out by Benjamin Thompson , Count of Rumford, for both pleasure and as a work area for the city's vagrants and homeless.

Nowadays it is entirely a park, its southern half being dominated by wide and extremely well-kept open areas, hills, monuments and beach-like stretches along the streams Eisbach and Schwabinger Bach , which get crowded in summer.

In contrast, its less-frequented northern part is much more quiet, idyllic and natural-seeming, at times resembling a natural preserve more than an urban public park: Multiple Biergartens can be found in both parts of the Englischer Garten, the most well known being located at the Chinese Pagoda.

Other large green spaces are the modern Olympiapark , Westpark , and the parks of Nymphenburg Palace with the Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg to the north , and Schleissheim Palace.

The city's oldest park is the Hofgarten , near the Residenz, dating back to the 16th century. Best known for the largest beergarden in town is the former royal Hirschgarten , founded in for deer, which still live there.

The city's zoo is the Tierpark Hellabrunn near the Flaucher Island in the Isar in the south of the city. Another notable park is Ostpark located in the Ramersdorf-Perlach borough which also houses the Michaelibad , the largest waterpark in Munich.

Other notable clubs include Munich , who were long time their rivals on a somewhat equal footing, but currently play in the 3rd Division 3. Liga along with another former Bundesliga club SpVgg Unterhaching.

The city's ice hockey club is EHC Munich. It was one of the host cities for the Football World Cup , which was not held in Munich's Olympic Stadium , but in a new football specific stadium , the Allianz Arena.

Munich bid to host the Winter Olympic Games , but lost to Pyeongchang. Public sporting facilities in Munich include ten indoor swimming pools [23] and eight outdoor swimming pools, [24] which are operated by the Munich City Utilities SWM communal company.

Further, swimming within Munich's city limits is also possible in several artificial lakes such as for example the Riemer See or the Langwieder lake district.

Munich has a reputation as a surfing hotspot, offering the world's best known river surfing spot, the Eisbach wave, which is located at the southern edge of the Englischer Garten park and used by surfers day and night and throughout the year.

The Deutsches Museum or German Museum, located on an island in the River Isar, is the largest and one of the oldest science museums in the world.

Three redundant exhibition buildings that are under a protection order were converted to house the Verkehrsmuseum , which houses the land transport collections of the Deutsches Museum.

Several non-centralised museums many of those are public collections at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität show the expanded state collections of palaeontology , geology, mineralogy , [29] zoology , botany and anthropology.

The city has several important art galleries , most of which can be found in the Kunstareal , including the Alte Pinakothek , the Neue Pinakothek , the Pinakothek der Moderne and the Museum Brandhorst.

The Alte Pinakothek contains a treasure trove of the works of European masters between the 14th and 18th centuries. The collection reflects the eclectic tastes of the Wittelsbachs over four centuries, and is sorted by schools over two floors.

The gallery houses one of the world's most comprehensive Rubens collections. Another important museum in the Kunstareal is the Egyptian Museum.

The gothic Morris dancers of Erasmus Grasser are exhibited in the Munich City Museum in the old gothic arsenal building in the inner city.

Another area for the arts next to the Kunstareal is the Lehel quarter between the old town and the river Isar: The nearby Schackgalerie is an important gallery of German 19th-century paintings.

Munich is a major European cultural centre and has played host to many prominent composers including Orlando di Lasso , W. Some of classical music's best-known pieces have been created in and around Munich by composers born in the area, for example Richard Strauss's tone poem Also sprach Zarathustra or Carl Orff's Carmina Burana.

Many operas were staged there, including the premiere of Mozart's Idomeneo in The Gärtnerplatz Theatre is a ballet and musical state theatre while another opera house, the Prinzregententheater , has become the home of the Bavarian Theatre Academy.

The modern Gasteig centre houses the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra. The third orchestra in Munich with international importance is the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra.

Its primary concert venue is the Herkulessaal in the former city royal residence, the Munich Residenz. A stage for shows, big events and musicals is the Deutsche Theater.

It is Germany's largest theatre for guest performances. Munich's contributions to modern popular music are often overlooked in favour of its strong association with classical music, but they are numerous: In the s, the Musicland Studios developed into one of the most prominent recording studios in the world, with bands such as the Rolling Stones , Led Zeppelin , Deep Purple and Queen recording albums there.

Munich also played a significant role in the development of electronic music, with genre pioneer Giorgio Moroder , who invented synth disco and electronic dance music , and Donna Summer , one of disco music's most important performers, both living and working in the city.

In the late s, Electroclash was substantially co-invented if not even invented in Munich, when DJ Hell introduced and assembled international pioneers of this musical genre through his International DeeJay Gigolo Records label here.

Music is so important in the Bavarian capital that the city hall gives permissions every day to 10 musicians for performing in the streets around Marienplatz.

This is how performers such as Olga Kholodnaya and Alex Jacobowitz are entertaining the locals and the tourists every day. Next to the Bavarian Staatsschauspiel in the Residenz Theatre Residenztheater , the Munich Kammerspiele in the Schauspielhaus is one of the most important German language theatres in the world.

The city is known as the second largest publishing centre in the world around publishing houses have offices in the city , and many national and international publications are published in Munich, such as Arts in Munich, LAXMag and Prinz.

At the turn of the 20th century, Munich, and especially its suburb of Schwabing , was the preeminent cultural metropolis of Germany.

Its importance as a centre for both literature and the fine arts was second to none in Europe, with numerous German and non-German artists moving there.

For example, Wassily Kandinsky chose Munich over Paris to study at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste München , and, along with many other painters and writers living in Schwabing at that time, had a profound influence on modern art.

Prominent literary figures worked in Munich especially during the final decades of the Kingdom of Bavaria, the so-called Prinzregentenzeit literally "prince regent's time" under the reign of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria , a period often described as a cultural Golden Age for both Munich and Bavaria as a whole.

Its strikingly modern caricatures and biting satirical attacks on Wilhelmine German society were the result of countless of collaborative efforts by many of the best visual artists and writers from Munich and elsewhere.

The period immediately before World War I saw continued economic and cultural prominence for the city.

Thomas Mann wrote in his novella Gladius Dei about this period: Karl Valentin was Germany's most important cabaret performer and comedian and is to this day well-remembered and beloved as a cultural icon of his hometown.

Between and , he wrote and performed in many absurdist sketches and short films that were highly influential, earning him the nickname of "Charlie Chaplin of Germany".

Many of Valentin's works wouldn't be imaginable without his congenial female partner Liesl Karlstadt , who often played male characters to hilarious effect in their sketches.

Kandinsky's first abstract painting was created in Schwabing. In , the Filmverlag der Autoren was founded, cementing the city's role in the movement's history.

Munich served as the location for many of Fassbinder's films, among them Ali: Fear Eats the Soul. The Hotel Deutsche Eiche near Gärtnerplatz was somewhat like a centre of operations for Fassbinder and his "clan" of actors.

New German Cinema is considered by far the most important artistic movement in German cinema history since the era of German Expressionism in the s.

In , the Bavaria Film Studios were founded, which developed into one of Europe's largest film studios. Munich remains one of the centres of the German film and entertainment industry.

The Viktualienmarkt is Munich's most popular market for fresh food and delicatessen. A very old feature of Munich's Fasching carnival is the dance of the Marktfrauen market women of the Viktualienmarkt in comical costumes.

The Auer Dult is held three times a year on the square around Mariahilf church and is one of Munich's oldest markets, well known for its hardware, trinkets and antiques.

Three weeks before Christmas, the Christkindlmarkt opens at Marienplatz and other squares in the city, selling Christmas goods.

The Hofbräuhaus am Platzl , arguably the most famous beer hall worldwide, is located in the city centre. It also operates the second largest tent at the Oktoberfest , one of Munich's most famous attractions.

For two weeks, the Oktoberfest attracts millions of people visiting its beer tents "Bierzelte" and fairground attractions.

The Oktoberfest was first held on 12 October in honour of the marriage of crown prince Ludwig to Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. The festivities were closed with a horse race and in the following years the horse races were continued and later developed into what is now known as the Oktoberfest.

Despite its name, most of Oktoberfest occurs in September. It always finishes on the first Sunday in October unless the German national holiday on 3 October Tag der deutschen Einheit , i.

The Munich cuisine contributes to the Bavarian cuisine. It is a Munich speciality. Traditionally eaten only before noon — a tradition dating to a time before refrigerators — these morsels are often served with sweet mustard and freshly baked pretzels.

Helles , a pale lager with a translucent gold colour is the most popular Munich beer today, although it's not old only introduced in and is the result of a change in beer tastes.

Helles has largely replaced Munich's dark beer, Dunkles , which gets its colour from roasted malt. It was the typical beer in Munich in the 19th century, but it is now more of a speciality.

It is dark amber in colour and has a heavy malty taste. It is available and is sold particularly during the Lenten Starkbierzeit strong beer season , which begins on or before St.

Joseph's Day 19 March. The beer served at Oktoberfest is a special type of Märzen beer with a higher alcohol content than regular Helles.

Biergärten beer gardens are the most famous and popular fixtures of Munich's gastronomic landscape. They are central to the city's culture and serve as a kind of melting pot for members of all walks of life, for locals, expatriates and tourists alike.

It is allowed to bring one's own food to a beer garden, however, it is forbidden to bring one's own drinks. There are many smaller beer gardens and around twenty major ones, providing at least one thousand seats, with four of the most famous and popular in the Englischer Garten: Chinesischer Turm Munich's second largest beer garden with 7, seats , Seehaus , Hirschau and Aumeister.

Nockherberg , Hofbräukeller not to be confused with the Hofbräuhaus and Löwenbräukeller are other famous beer gardens.

Hirschgarten is the largest beer garden in the world, with 8, seats. There are six main breweries in Munich: Also much consumed, though not from Munich and thus without the right to have a tent at the Oktoberfest, are especially Tegernseer and Schneider Weisse , the latter of which has a major beer hall in Munich just as the Munich breweries do.

Smaller breweries are becoming more prevalent in Munich, such as Giesinger Bräu. The Circus Krone based in Munich is one of the largest circuses in Europe.

Between Sendlinger Tor and Maximiliansplatz lies the so-called Feierbanane party banana , a roughly banana-shaped unofficial party zone spanning 1.

The Feierbanane has become the mainstream focus of Munich's nightlife and tends to become crowded, especially at weekends.

It has also been the subject of some debate among city officials because of alcohol-related security issues and the party zone's general impact on local residents as well as day-time businesses.

Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt 's two main quarters, Gärtnerplatzviertel and Glockenbachviertel, are both considered decidedly less mainstream than most other nightlife hotspots in the city and are renowned for their many hip and laid back bars and clubs as well as for being Munich's main centres of gay culture.

On warm spring or summer nights, hundreds of young people gather at Gärtnerplatz to relax, talk with friends and drink beer. Maxvorstadt has many smaller bars that are especially popular with university students, whereas Schwabing , once Munich's first and foremost party district with legendary clubs such as Big Apple, PN, Domicile, Hot Club, Piper Club, Tiffany, Germany's first large-scale disco Blow Up and the underwater nightclub Yellow Submarine, [30] as well as many bars such as Schwabinger 7 or Schwabinger Podium, has lost much of its nightlife activity in the last decades, mainly due to gentrification and the resulting high rents.

It has become the city's most coveted and expensive residential district, attracting affluent citizens with little interest in partying.

Since the mids, the Kunstpark Ost and its successor Kultfabrik, a former industrial complex that was converted to a large party area near München Ostbahnhof in Berg am Laim , hosted more than 30 clubs and was especially popular among younger people and residents of the metropolitan area surrounding Munich.

Apart from the Kultfarbik and the smaller Optimolwerke, there is a wide variety of establishments in the urban parts of nearby Haidhausen.

Before the Kunstpark Ost, there had already been an accumulation of internationally known nightclubs in the remains of the abandoned former Munich-Riem Airport.

Munich nightlife tends to change dramatically and quickly. Establishments open and close every year, and some survive only a few months, while others last many years.

From to , Munich was also home to the Union Move , one of the largest technoparades in Germany. Munich has two directly connected gay quarters, which basically can be seen as one: Gärtnerplatzviertel and Glockenbachviertel, both part of the Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt district.

Freddie Mercury had an apartment near the Gärtnerplatz and transsexual icon Romy Haag had a club in the city centre for many years.

Munich has more than night clubs and thousands of bars and restaurants within city limits. Some notable nightclubs are: Munich is a leading location for science and research with a long list of Nobel Prize laureates from Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in to Theodor Hänsch in Please enter the message.

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Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item. Die Kirche zu Meldorf Author: German View all editions and formats Rating: More like this Similar Items.

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Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. FC Nürnberg with 28 goals. The German football championship was contested by the eight qualified Oberliga teams and won by 1.

The eight clubs played a home-and-away round of matches in two groups of four. The two group winners then advanced to the final. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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